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REPORT TO XXIV SCAR



WORKING GROUP ON GEODESY AND GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION

REPORT TO XXIV SCAR, CAMBRIDGE, AUGUST 1996

 

1. CAMBRIDGE MEETING

Representatives from fourteen SCAR countries and observers from three non-government organisations attended the Working Group on Geodesy and Geographic Information (WG-GGI) meeting at XXIV SCAR, 5-9 August 1996, in Cambridge UK:

Additional observers also attended from several countries. Apologies were received from Norway and South Africa. Working Group membership and attendance at the Cambridge meeting is listed at Attachment 1.

The WG-GGI continues to focus on the geodetic and geographic information needed to support Antarctic science, environmental monitoring and operations. The key activities during the meeting were:

Presentations and briefings were also given on a range of SCAR and other projects and programs. Recommendations were developed addressing place names, geodetic programs, and liaison with COMNAP.

 

2. REPORT ON 1994-96 OUTCOMES

Reports on the ten programs developed at the Rome meeting were presented.

 

3. PRESENTATIONS

The following liaison and project presentations were given to the WG-GGI:

 

4. PLANS FOR 1996-98 PROGRAM

The Working Group adopted a simplified and more focussed program structure for 1996-98, with three major programs. The objective is for this program structure to endure, while the projects undertaken within each program will evolve. The three programs and currently identified projects are listed in the following table:

 

Geodesy (GIANT)

Standards & Directories

Geographic Data

- permanent observatories

- epoch campaigns

- geoid mapping

- geodynamics

- map and data standards

- metadata standards

- geodetic standards

- SPA specifications

- station map specifications

- toponymic guidelines

- geographic data directory

- GIS project register

 

- composite gazetteer

- topo database (ADD)

- digital elevation model

- station maps

- SPA maps

- GCP library

- data integration

 

Major activities planned for the 1996-98 period are summarised below:

Geodetic Infrastructure for Antarctica (GIANT)

GGI Standards and Directories

The Working Group agreed to recommend that SCAR, COMNAP and the Treaty adopt a number of principles regarding place naming practices, and to defer further action on the toponymic guidelines pending a response to those recommendations.

Further consultation is required with COMNAP on the proposed stations atlas, as COMNAP is currently considering a request from the Treaty to produce a stations handbook. The GIS Projects Register is now operational, and all countries are encouraged to utilise the system as a means of avoiding duplication.

Geographic Data

The development and publication of station and SPA maps, in Atlas or WWW form, will be considered after consultation with COMNAP and GOSEAC respectively.

 

5. CONCLUSION

Coordinators were appointed for the three WG-GGI programs:

Drew Clarke (Australia) was re-elected Chairman. The position of Deputy Chair was discontinued, as the program coordinators will support the Chairman in the coordination of projects, organisation of workshops and symposia between SCAR meetings, and chairing of sessions at the SCAR meetings. The WG-GGI home page (www.geoscience.scar.org) will continue to provide a key means of disseminating information on WG activities, contacts and meetings.

The Working Group proposes the following meetings in 1996-98:

The WG-GGI Standing resolutions were reviewed and revised. The new resolutions are listed in Attachment 2.

Formal recommendations to SCAR were developed addressing place names, geodetic programs, and liaison with COMNAP. The recommendations are listed in Attachment 3.

Drew Clarke

Chairman

11 August 1996


ATTACHMENT 1

SCAR Working Group on

Geodesy and Geographic Information

Membership as at August 1996

 

ARGENTINA

Ing. Frederico Mayer

Servicio de Hidrografia Naval

Avenida Montes de Oca 2124

1271 BUENOS AIRES

ARGENTINA

Phone: +54 1 303 0061/8

Fax: +54 1 301 3883

email:

 
AUSTRALIA

Mr A. (Drew) Clarke

AGAL

GPO Box 1844

CANBERRA ACT 2601

AUSTRALIA

Phone: +61 6 275 3450

Fax: +61 6 275 3565

email: drew.clarke@agal.gov.au

 

BELGIUM

2>

Prof H Declier

Vrije Universiteit Brussel

Geografisch Instituut

Pleinlaan 2

B-1050 BRUSSEL

BELGIUM

Phone: +32 2 641 3383

Fax: +32 2 641 2282

email:

 

BRAZIL

Mr Herbert Erwes

Ministerio de Gencia e Tecnologia

Esplanada dos Ministerios

70.067-900 BRASILIA

BRASIL

Phone: +55 61 377 7981/82/83

Fax: +55 61 377 7882

email: conapa@met.gov.br

 

CHILE

Prof.Eng Victor Villanueva-Lopez

Comite Nacional de Investigaciones Antarcticas

Luis Thayer Ojeda 814

Providencia, SANTIAGO

CHILE

Phone: +56 2 231 2717

Fax: +56 2 232 0440

email: inach@reuna.cl

 

CHINA

Prof E. Dongchen

Chinese Antarctic Centre of Surveying & Mapping

Wuhan Technical University of S&M

39 Luoyu Road

WUHAN 430070

PEOPLES REPUBLIC OF CHINA

Phone: +86 27 787 0227

Fax: +86 27 788 5134 / 7870227

email: Dongchen@wtusm.whnet.edu.cn

 

ECUADOR

Capitan Moreano Andrade

Director of Oceanographic

Base Naval Sur

Avda 25 de Julio via Puerto Maritimo

GUAYAQUIL

ECUADOR

Phone: +593 4 431816 or 436487

Fax:

email:

 

FINLAND

Mr M. Ollikainen

Finnish Geodetic Institute

Ilmalankatu 1 A

SF-00240 HELSINKI

FINLAND

Phone: +358-0-410433

Fax: +358-0-414946

email:

 

FRANCE

M. le Pape

Institut Geographique National

Service de Géodésie et Nivellement

2 Avenue Pasteur

94160 Saint Mande PARIS

FRANCE

Phone: +33 1 43 98 83 25

Fax: +33 1 43 98 84 50

email:

 

GERMANY

Dr-Ing Jorn Sievers

Institut für Angewandte Geodäsie

Richard-Strauss-Allee 11

D-60598 FRANKFURT am Main

GERMANY

Phone: +49 69 6333 313

Fax: +49 69 6333 441

email: sievers@ifag.de

 

INDIA

Dr S. Z. Qasim

Member, Planning Commission

Yojana Bhavan

NEW DELHI - 110 001

INDIA

Phone: +91 011 371 1953

Fax:

email:

 

ITALY

Dr Roberto Cervellati

Antarctic Project

ENEA

CRE - Casaccia

Post Office Box 2400

00100 ROME AD

ITALY

Phone: +39 6 3048 4816

Fax: +39 6 3048 4893

email: ANTAR@CASACCIA.ENEA.IT

 

JAPAN

Prof Yoshio Yoshida

Department of Geography

Rissho University

4-2-16, Osaki, Shinagawa-ku

TOKYO 141

JAPAN

Phone: +81 3 5487 3269

Fax: +81 429 42 1814 (home)

email:

 

 

KOREA

Dr Yeadong Kim

Polar Research Laboratory

Ocean Research & Development Institute

An San

PO Box 29

SEOUL 425-600

KOREA

Phone: +82 2 863 4770 (Ext 375)

Fax: +82 0345 826 698

email:

 

NEW ZEALAND

Mr Tony Bevin

Land Information New Zealand

Private Box 5501

WELLINGTON

NEW ZEALAND

Phone: +64 4 460 0100

Fax: +64 4 472 2244

email:

 

NORWAY

Mr Trond Eiken

Norsk Polarinstitutt

P O Box 5072

MAJORSTUA

N-0301 OSLO

NORWAY

Phone: +47 22 959 530

Fax: +47 22 959 501

email: eiken@npolar.no

 

POLAND

Dr Jan Cisak

Instytut Geodezji i Kartografii

ul Jasna 2/4

00-950 WARSZAWA

POLAND

Phone: +48 22 270 328

Fax: +48 22 270 328

email: astro@igik.edu.pl

 

RUSSIA

Ing Alexandre Soudakov

Federal Service of

Geodesy & Cartography of Russia

2 Korpus 14 ul Krzhizhanovskogo

RUSSIA

Phone: +7 095 124 3811

Fax: +7 095 124 3535

email:

 

SOUTH AFRICA

Mr Richard Wonnacott

Chief Directorate:

Surveys and Land Information

Dept of Regional & Land Affairs

Private Bag

MOWBRAY 7705

SOUTH AFRICA

Phone: +27 21 685 4070

Fax: +27 21 689 1351

email:

 

SWEDEN

Prof Lars Sjöberg

Royal Institute of Technology

Department of Geodesy and Photogrammetry

S 10044 STOCKHOLM

SWEDEN

Phone: +46 8 790 7330

Fax: +46 8 790 7343

email: sjoberg@l.kth.se

 

UNITED KINGDOM

Mrs Janet Thomson

British Antarctic Survey

High Cross

Madingley Road

CAMBRIDGE CB3 OET

UNITED KINGDOM

Phone: +44 1223 251424

Fax: +44 1223 362616

email: j.thomson@bas.ac.uk

 

UNITED STATES

Mr Jerry Mullins

National Mapping Division

US Geological Survey

559 National Center

12201 Sunrise Valley Drive

RESTON, Va, 20192

USA

Phone: +1 703 648 5144

Fax: +1 703 648 4165

email: jmullins@usgs.gov

 

URUGUAY

Maj Walter Subisa

Servicio Geographico Military

8 de octubre 2958

MONTEVIDEO

URUGUAY

Phone: +598 2 478 341/5

Fax: +598 2 476 004

email:

 

 

Additional Members

International Federation of Surveyors

Mr Larry Hothem

US Geological Survey

National Mapping Division

521 National Center

12201 Sunrise Valley Drive

RESTON, Va, 20192

USA

 

Phone: +1 703 648 4663

Fax: +1 703 648 4165

email: lhothem@usgs.gov

International Association for Geodesy

Mr John Manning

AUSLIG

PO Box 2

BELCONNEN ACT 2616

AUSTRALIA

 

Phone: +61 6 2014259

Fax: +61 6 201 4366

email: JohnMannin@auslig.gov.au

International Hydrographic Organisation

Admiral Giuseppe Angrisano

2> International Hydrographic Bureau

B.P. 445 - MC 98011

MONACO CEDFEX

Principality of MONACO

 

Phone: +377 93 50 65 87

Fax: +377 93 25 20 03

email:

 

 

Other Participants at Cambridge Meeting

 

Captain Francisco Cachaza

Armada Argentina

Argentina

Phone: +54 1 317 2032/2015

Fax: +54 1 311 3888

email:

Dr Reinhard Dietrich

Technische Universitat, Dresden

Germany

Phone: +49 351 463 4652

Fax: +49 351 463 7063

email: dietrich@ipg.geo.tu-dresden.de

Dr Johannes Ihde

IFAG

Germany

Phone: +49 341 563 4424

Fax: +49 341 563 4415

email: ihde@leipzig.ifag.de

Dr Hans Schenke

AWI

Germany

Phone: +49 471 4831 222

Fax: +49 471 4831 149

email: Schenke@AWI-Bremerhaven.de

Mr Chris Walpole

UK Hydrographic Office

IHO

Phone: +44 1823 337900

Fax: +44 1823 284077

email: walpole@hydro.gov.uk

Mrs Chara Ramorino

ENEA

Italy

Phone: +

Fax: +39 6 3048 4893

email:

Mr Vladimir Berk

Federal Service of Geodesy & Cartography

Russia

Phone: +7 095 456 95 38

Fax: +7 095 456 95 38

email:

Mr Paul Cooper

BAS

UK

Phone: +44 1223 251400

Fax: +44 1223 362616

email: paul.cooper@bas.ac.uk

Mr Roy Mullen

USGS

USA

Phone: +1 703 648 5745

Fax: +1 703 648 4165

email:

 

For Place Names Discussion Only

Dr John Heap

SPRI

UK

Phone: +44 1223 362540

Fax: +44 1223 336549

email:

Mr Roger Payne

USGS

USA

Phone: +1 703 648 4544

Fax: +1 703 648 5542

email: RPAYNE@USGS.GOV


ATTACHMENT 2

 

STANDING RESOLUTIONS

of the

WORKING GROUP ON GEODESY AND GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION

Cambridge, UK, August 1996

  1. That members will apply approved SCAR geodetic and geographic standards, specifications and guidelines in their national Antarctic programs (noting that the standards, specifications and guidelines in the 1994 Standing Resolutions will continue to apply until superseded).
  2. That members will contribute all relevant information to SCAR directories of Antarctic geodetic and geographic information.
  3. That members will exchange and make freely available geodetic and geographic data, in accordance with the Antarctic Treaty. Two copies of maps, charts and other geographic publications shall be automatically distributed to the Antarctic Mapping Centres of the SCAR countries.

ATTACHMENT 3

RECOMMENDATIONS TO XXIV SCAR

WORKING GROUP ON GEODESY AND GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION

 

The Working Group proposes to hold its next full meeting at XXV SCAR in Chile, and a number of workshops and symposia during 1997. Details are listed in part 5 of the report.

The following three recommendations request SCAR to take action external to SCAR:

  1. Place Names (SCAR to make recommendations to COMNAP and Treaty)
  2. Geodetic Programs (SCAR to make recommendations to COMNAP)
  3. COMNAP Liaison (SCAR to discuss with COMNAP)

1. Place Names

Noting that the SCAR Composite Gazetteer currently contains names data from sixteen SCAR member countries, comprising around 37,000 entries for 16,000 features (including over 1000 features with two or more entirely different names);

Considering that, in the interests of both scientific clarity and operational safety, the general principle of ‘one name per feature’ should apply in the Antarctic as in other parts of the world;

The Working Group recommends that SCAR adopt the following principles, and in turn propose their adoption by COMNAP and the Treaty:

  1. New names shall not be applied to features that have already been named by a national or international naming authority - in adopting existing names, countries are encouraged not to vary any part of such names.
  2. All new names approved and documented by naming authorities should be regularly supplied to SCAR for publication in the SCAR composite Gazetteer.
  3. When selecting existing names for use on maps and in other publications, countries are encouraged to give preference to the earliest approved and documented name - without varying any part of such names.

The Working Group further recommends that SCAR, COMNAP and the Treaty formally request the Working Group to develop comprehensive ‘Antarctic Toponymic Guidelines’, in close cooperation with national and international naming authorities, based on the above principles.

2. Geodetic Programs

2.1 Gravity

Noting that the lack of gravity information in Antarctica is a limiting factor in the development of a homogenous global geopotential model;

Considering the Antarctic scientific requirements for a more precise geoid with an accuracy of better than one metre for earth science, glaciology, and global change studies;

The Working Group recommends that SCAR supports the acquisition of gravity field information from satellite missions, airborne survey and ground observations, including the proposed long-range radar-sounding P3 aircraft project with the inclusion of airborne gravimetry.

2.2 Permanent Geodetic Observatories

Noting the initial success of the GIANT program in establishing permanent geodetic observatories in Antarctica, of the related GPS epoch campaigns in providing contributions to the IERS Terrestrial Reference Frame, and GIANT’s significant contribution to global and regional geodynamics research;

Recognising the benefits in generating a homogenous geodetic framework for all spatially related scientific data and information for Antarctic scientists;

The Working Group Recommends that SCAR supports the strengthening of the initial network of permanent geodetic observatories for geodetic applications and geodynamics research,

and further recommends that SCAR encourage COMNAP to support long term geodetic observations for global and regional applications, especially in relation to VLBI, GPS, and tide gauge networks for geodynamics and climate change research.

3. COMNAP Liaison

Noting that many WG-GGI activities directly support Antarctic operations through provision of mapping and navigation products and services;

Recognising that there is potential for duplication of activities between the WG-GGI, COMNAP and the national operators;

The Working Group recommends that SCAR seek to improve liaison between the WG-GGI and COMNAP, by means such as COMNAP nominating an observer to the Working Group, and for the Working Group to provide a written report and make a presentation to COMNAP/SCALOP meetings.